The number of commuters killed in traffic accidents during the first 11 months of 2022 reduced by 18.2 percent compared to the same period in 2021, according to preliminary reports from the Motor Traffic and Transport Department (MTTD) of the Ghana Police Service.
The majority of the improvement may be attributed to better enforcement by the MTTD and more awareness development by the National Road Safety Authority (NRSA).
From November 2021 to November 2022, the number of fatalities fell from 2,654 the previous year to 2,171.
Males who died were 1,708.
Road accidents claimed the lives of 1,708 males in total, including 196 minors and 1,512 adults over the age of 18.
Total of 463 women died
There were 463 female deaths, including 102 women under the age of 18 and 361 women of legal driving age.
Ratio of deaths caused by roadways
According to the age breakdown of those died in traffic accidents, 1,873 (86%) were adults and 298 (14%) were children under the age of 18. (above 18 years).
This reveals a significantly high road traffic fatality ratio of 6:1 for individuals over 18 years of age compared to children under 18 years of age over the time period studied.
The numbers show that the number of deaths is going down from January to November in 2021 and 2022.
In 2022, February had the most deaths (273), while March saw 265 deaths in 2022.
When comparing the months with the fewest fatalities, July 2021 had the lowest with 143 deaths, while August 2021 had the most with 185 deaths.
In November 2022, the monthly trend in Fatalities is significantly lower than in November 2021, by 18.42%.
Cars and trucks cause 740 deaths
There were 740 pedestrian deaths due to commercial vehicles (34%).
539 people were killed last year due to accidents involving private cars.
Motorcycles were responsible for 892 deaths (41%).
There were a total of 892 commuter deaths, with 41% of those deaths using motorcycles.
This means that motorcyclists and their pillion riders have a greater risk of death in traffic accidents than others do commercial passengers, private car users, and pedestrians.
From January to November 2022, the number of motorcycles involved in accidents goes down by three every month. This shows that the number of motorcycles involved in accidents is getting better, or going down.
There were 619 people killed.
There have been 619 pedestrian deaths so far this year, or 29% of the total.
Comparing data for pedestrian-related accidents from January to November of 2022 with data from the same period in 2021, we find that 2,435 pedestrians were killed during this time period.
As compared to the same time period in 2021, this is a decline of 9.58 percent (2,693 knockdowns).
As for pedestrians, 2,435 were injured or killed as they were strolling on or crossing the street.
Automobile accidents involving private automobiles consistently rank among the worst
During the first eleven months of 2022, there were 13,675 recorded car accidents.
There were 7,925 commercial cars (representing 34%), 10,628 private vehicles (representing 45%), and 4,976 motorcycles (representing 21%) involved in these accidents.
From the beginning of 2022 to the end of the year, the number of recorded cases, cars involved, deaths, injuries, and pedestrian knockdowns all fell by 7.19%, 6.37%, 18.20%, 1.07%, and 9.58%, respectively.
From the beginning of the year until the end of the year 2022, private cars made up the bulk of those involved in collisions.
When compared to the previous year’s numbers for the same time period, the percentage of accidents involving commercial vehicles, private automobiles, and motorbikes has fallen by 9.85%, 1.12%, and 11%, respectively (2021).
Motorcycles (two-wheelers and three-wheelers) accounted for the smallest share of vehicles overall (21%) in an analysis of collision types.
Reduced accident rates by 11%
The total number of motorbikes involved in accidents decreased by 11% from January to November of 2022.
Of all bicycle accidents, 75% involved motorcycles (two-wheelers exclusively), with tricycles accounting for 20% of the total.
To the tune of 3% and 2%, respectively, were bicycles and handcarts.
According to data tracking monthly trends in both 2021 and 2022, there will be fewer traffic accidents in 2022.
In addition, 2021’s trend line shows a marginal drop in collisions.
In 2021, April saw the most accidents (1,467), whereas in 2022, February saw the most accidents (1,354).
August 2021 and November 2022 saw the fewest number of crashes at 1,074 and 1,110, respectively.
The biggest number of fatalities occurred in the Greater Accra region.
In the period between January and November, more accidents and deaths occurred in the Greater Accra Region than in any other.
Crash rates rose from January to November of 2022 by 54.39 percent in the Savannah Region, 15.54 percent in the Northern Region, 4 percent in the North East Region, and 3.56 percent in the Central Region, respectively.
All the other areas saw declines as well within that time frame.
Compared to Savannah’s 54.39 percent growth, the Upper West Region’s 46.34% decline was the most of any region.
areas where there has been a decrease in accidents
In the period between January and November of 2022, the mortality toll rose in the North East (61.54%), Western North (15.49%), Northern (7.02%), and Oti (5%), while it fell in the remaining areas, with the largest decline coming in the Upper East (54.12%).
Accidental deaths fall
Comparing January 2022 to the same month in 2021, the percentage change in road traffic accident injuries was similarly lower.
Injuries peaked in February (2022) and April (2021), both with 1,426 cases (1,458).
In 2022, the number of injuries was lowest in the month of November (1,130), and it was lowest again in the month of August (1,045) in 2021.
areas where injuries are decreasing
It was the Upper West Region that had a drop of 50%, followed by the Upper East Region at 36.64%.
The rate of rise in reported injuries was highest in the Oti Region, at 173.68 percent, followed by the Northern Region (51.27 percent) and the North East Region (31.35 percent).